Welcome to the Neutron Scattering Group!


We were established in the year of 2013 when the PI returned from USA. We are utilizing neutron scattering technique combined with other probes such as X-ray scattering and transport to study the strongly correlated electronic systems, and synthesizing large-size high-quality samples. Please contact us for any questions or collaboration opportunities.




Our group published a paper in PRL in collaboration with Prof. Jian-Xin Li's group, reporting the finding of Kitaev physics in α-RuCl3


We reported the key ingredient composing Kitaev's proposal in a paper titled "Spin-Wave Excitations Evidencing the Kitaev Interaction in Single Crystalline α-RuCl3" in PRL [Ran et al., Physical Review Letters 118, 107203 (2017)]. The celebrated Kitaev quantum spin liquid was proposed theoretically in the year of 2006. This new state exhibits exotic properties in which electrons are broken into pieces, and it can find applications in quantum computation. Experimentally, such a state has not been identified so far. In our work, we have found that the behaviors of the spins in single crystals of a honeycomb-layered material RuCl3 fit Kitaev's proposal well. Our results demonstrate that the Kitaev interaction, the concept central to the proposal, has been discovered in a real material. These findings pave the way for further harnessing the material for quantum computation. More details can be found here.


Paper published in Nature Communications in collaboration with Prof. Haihu Wen's group


In collaboration with Prof. Haihu Wen's group in our Department, our group coauthored a paper in Nature Communications 8, 14466 (2017), reporting interesting behaviors of the superconducting state in a promising candidate for topological superconductivity in SrxBi2Se3. In this work, Jinghui and Kejing provided very high-quality single crystals of SrxBi2Se3. A more detailed news report can be found here.


Prof. Wen delivered a lecture on neutron sca-ttering studies on high-Tc superconductors at PLAUST


Prof. Wen has been invited to give a lecture at PLAUST (PLA University of Science and Technology) on Dec. 24th, introducing neutron scattering techniques and studies on high-Tc superconductors. This activity is organized by PLAUST and Jiangsu Society of Physcis, more details can be found here.


Papers published as tributes to the Centenary of our Physics Department


Our group published a paper titled "Magnetic neutron scattering studies on the Fe-based superconductor system Fe1+yTe1-xSex" on Annals of Physics as a tribute to the centenary of our Physics Department. The Chinese version of the article was published on Acta Physics Sinica. In this paper, we present a brief overview on the interplay between magnetism and superconductivity in one of the Fe-based superconductor systems, Fe1+yTe1-xSex. We conclude that magnetism and superconductivity in this system couple to each other closely, while the static magnetic order around (0.5, 0) competes with superconductivity, the spin excitations around (0.5, 0.5) may be an important ingredient for it. We also discuss the nature of magnetism and substitution effects of 3d transition metals.


Effects of 3d transition metal substitution in the Fe-based superconductors


Our group published a paper titled "Substitution of Ni for Fe in superconducting Fe0.98Te0.5Se0.5 depresses the normal-state conductivity but not the magnetic spectral weight" on PRB. In this work, we study the Ni-substitution effects on the electronic and magnetic properties of an Fe-based superconductor Fe0.98Te0.5Se0.5. Together with our previous paper on the Cu-doping effects [PRB 88, 144509 (2013)], we provide a complete picture on the 3d transition metal substitution effects in the Fe-based superconductors---that is, the impact is more depe ndent on the scattering potential of the substituent, and in the extreme case such as Cu, the main effect of the substitution is to localize the itinerant electrons. This conclusion also seems to be applicable to other Fe-based superconductor systems, such as 122 and 111. Jinghui has been the leading author of the paper. This is his first paper. Congratulations on him!


Congratulations on Jinghui and Kejing for their scholarships!


Jinghui Wang and Kejing Ran have been awarded the "Excellent New Graduate Student Scholarship". Congratulations on them!


PPMS installed and running


The physical property measurement system (PPMS) was installed at our lab and is currently running. It is using a closed-cycle system with a compressor that converts Helium gas into liquid He, and thus no liquid He supply is needed at all. The system is equipped with the options to measure the magnetization (VSM), electrical transport (ETO), thermal power and conductivity (TTO), and specific heat (HCO).


Experiments in France and US


From Feburary 10th to 24th, Shichao conducted his first neutron scattering experiment at Laboratory of Leon Brillouin (LLB), CEA, a reactor-type neutron source at Saclay near Paris. He worked on two triple-axis spectrometers 1T and 2T.


During March 12th to 21st, Yuan and Jinghui performed their first neutron scattering experiment on a triple-axis spectrometer HB1 at the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) of Oak Ridge National Lab.